Updated 1-1-2005

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Notes on Luke 12:42-48

Introduction: The text in Question, other denomination and some students use to show that a believer
                      can lose their salvation. First from what Peter asked the Lord Jesus Christ it can be noticed
                      that the Lord had already spoken on this subject. To correctly understand what the Lord was
                      talking about. Then it seems logically for one to look at Luke 12:35-40.
                     Some Question needs to be answered:
                      What is the difference between a slave and a Servant?
                      What is a watch?
                      What is a steward ?
                       Is there a difference between a faithful and wise and a steward that is foolish?
                      What was the Stewards job?
                      What are believers?
                      What are unbelievers? Skeptic
                            The use of translations is just another tool for the us in presenting God’s word properly. 
                      The soul living in this age is so blessed they have so much written and electronic Biblical material.
                            The use of commentaries should be used to see if someone else sees the same thing you see
                       in the scriptures. The numbers one rule of bible study is to read the word of God. When one reads,
                      leave out what man has taught. Not every one can read the original. 
                            Both commentaries and translations have a certain amount of man’s ideas, thoughts in them.

                           Some of the most accurate word for word translations are the one’s people dislike most. 
                      Everyone is looking for a translation or commentaries which says what they want it to say.
                      Further in the text we will try to answer some of these question. Some of the reader’s can
                       read the answer in God’s word. God’s word is simple to understand.
                           There are a few easy rules. The theme is redemption through God’s Gift His son Jesus Christ
                        John 3:16. Through God all things are possible. Salvation is a work of God. Heb 7:25
                          Commentary start for the study is at the end of the translations. 

                                                  Luke 12:41 KJV Then Peter said unto him, Lord, speakest thou this parable unto us, or even to all? 
                                                                   42 And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, 
                                                                         whom his lord shall make ruler over his household, 
                                                                         to give them their portion of meat in due season? 
                                                                   43 Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing. 
                                                                   44 Of a truth I say unto you, that he will make him ruler over all that he hath. 
                                                                   45 But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming;
                                                                         and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, 
                                                                         and to eat and drink,  and to be drunken; 
                                                                   46 The lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for him, 
                                                                        and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, 
                                                                        and will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers. 
                                                                   47 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself, 
                                                                        neither did according to his will,  shall be beaten with many stripes. 
                                                                   48 But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes,  shall be beaten with few stripes.
                                                                       For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: 
                                                                        and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more. 

                                                                         Luke 12:41-48 NIV
                                                               41 Peter asked, "Lord, are you telling this parable to us, or to everyone?" 
                                                               42 The Lord answered, "Who then is the faithful and wise manager, 
                                                                     whom the master puts in charge of his servants to give them their food allowance at the proper time?
                                                                43 It will be good for that servant whom the master finds doing so when he returns.
                                                                44 I tell you the truth, he will put him in charge of all his  possessions.
                                                                45 But suppose the servant says to himself, `My master is taking a long time in coming,' 
                                                                      and he then begins to beat the menservants and maidservants and to eat and drink and get drunk.
                                                                46 The master of that servant will come on a day when he does not expect him and at an hour 
                                                                       he is not aware of. He will cut him to pieces and assign him a place with the unbelievers. 
                                                                47 "That servant who knows his master's will and does not get ready  or does not do what his
                                                                        master wants will be beaten with  many blows.
                                                                 48 But the one who does not know and does things deserving punishment will be beaten with few blows. 
                                                                       From everyone who has been given much, much will be demanded;
                                                                        and from the one who has been entrusted with much, much more will be asked. 

                                                                         Excerpted from Compton's Interactive Bible NIV
                                                                         Copyright (c) 1994, 1995, 1996 SoftKey Multimedia Inc. All Rights Reserved

                                  Luke 12:41-48 CEV
                                                   41 Peter asked Jesus, “Did you say this just for us or for everyone?”
                                                   42 The Lord answered:
                                                              Who are faithful and wise servants? Who are the ones the master
                                                               will put in charge of giving the other servants their food supplies at the proper time?
                                                   43 Servants are fortunate if their master comes and finds them doing their job.
                                                   44 A servant who is always faithful will surely be put in charge of  everything the master owns.
                                                   45 But suppose one of the servants thinks that the master won’t return until late. 
                                                             Suppose that servant starts beating all the other servants and eats and drinks and gets drunk.
                                                   46 If that happens, the master will come on a day and at a time when the servant least expects him. 
                                                             That servant will then be  punished and thrown out with the servants who cannot be trusted.
                                                   47 If servants are not ready or willing to do what their master wants them to do, they will be beaten hard.
                                                   48 But servants who don’t know what their master wants them to do will not be beaten so hard for doing wrong.
                                                             If God has been generous with you, he will expect you to serve him well.
                                                             But if he has been more than generous, he will expect you to serve him even better.

                                         The Contemporary English [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System,
                                                (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1995 by the American Bible Society.

                                          Luke 12:41-48 NLT
                                                           41 Peter asked, “Lord, is this illustration just for us or for everyone?”
                                                           42 And the Lord replied, “I’m talking to any faithful, sensible servant to whom the master
                                                                 gives the responsibility of managing his household and feeding his family.
                                                           43 If the master returns and finds that the servant has done a good job, there will be a reward. 
                                                           44 I assure you, the master will put that servant in charge of all he owns.
                                                           45 But if the servant thinks, ‘My master won’t be back for a while,’ 
                                                                  and begins oppressing the other servants, partying, and getting drunk—
                                                           46 well, the master will return unannounced and unexpected. He will tear the servant apart and 
                                                                  banish him with the unfaithful.
                                                           47 The servant will be severely punished, for though he knew his duty, he refused to do it.
                                                           48 “But people who are not aware that they are doing wrong will be punished only lightly.
                                                                   Much is required from those to whom much is given, and much more is required from those to
                                                                    whom much more is given
                                             Holy Bible, New Living Translation, (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.) 1996.

     Before this study should go forth there needs to be a look at Luke 12:35-40.

                                           Luke 12:35 KJV Let your loins be girded about, and your lights burning; 
                                                           36 And ye yourselves like unto men that wait for their lord, when he will return from the wedding; 
                                                                 that when he cometh and knocketh, they may open unto him immediately. 
                                                           37 Blessed are those servants, whom the lord when he cometh shall find watching:
                                                                  verily I say unto you, that he shall gird himself,
                                                                  and make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and serve them. 
                                                           38 And if he shall come in the second watch, or come in the third watch,
                                                                 and find them so, blessed are those servants. 
                                                           39 And this know, that if the goodman of the house had known what hour the thief would come, 
                                                                 he would have watched, and not have suffered his house to be broken through. 
                                                           40 Be ye therefore ready also: for the Son of man cometh at an hour when ye think not.
                                           Luke 12:35-40 NIV
                                                            35 "Be dressed ready for service and keep your lamps burning, 
                                                            36 like men waiting for their master to return from a wedding banquet,
                                                                  so that when he comes and knocks they can immediately open the door for him.
                                                            37 It will be good for those servants whose master finds them  watching when he comes.
                                                                   I tell you the truth, he will dress himself to serve,
                                                                   will have them recline at the table and will come and wait on them.
                                                             38 It will be good for those servants whose master finds them ready,
                                                                   even if he comes in the second or third watch of the night. 
                                                            39 But understand this: If the owner of the house had known at what hour the thief was coming, 
                                                                   he would not have let his house be broken into. 
                                                            40 You also must be ready, because the Son of Man will come at an hour when you do not expect him." 

                                                             Excerpted from Compton's Interactive Bible NIV
                                                            Copyright (c) 1994, 1995, 1996 SoftKey Multimedia Inc. All Rights Reserved

                                          Luke 12:35-40 CEV
                                                           35 Be ready and keep your lamps burning 
                                                           36 just like those servants who wait up for their master to return from a wedding feast. 
                                                                As soon as he comes and knocks,  they open the door for him. 
                                                           37 Servants are fortunate if their master finds them awake and ready when he comes!
                                                                 I promise you that he will get ready and have his servants sit down so he can serve them. 
                                                           38 Those servants are really fortunate if their master finds them ready, 
                                                                  even though he comes late at night or early in the morning. 
                                                           39 You would surely not let a thief break into your home,  if you knew when the thief was coming. 
                                                           40 So always be ready! You don’t know when the Son of Man will come.
                                                             The Contemporary English [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System,
                                                              (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1995 by the American Bible Society.

                                        Luke 12:35-40 NLT
                                                         35 “Be dressed for service and well prepared, 
                                                         36 as though you were waiting for your master to return from the wedding feast. 
                                                              Then you will be ready to open the door and let him in the moment he arrives and knocks.
                                                         37 There will be special favor for those who are ready and waiting for his return. I tell you,
                                                               he himself will seat them, put on an apron, and serve them as they sit and eat!
                                                        38 He may come in the middle of the night or just before dawn.  But whenever he comes,
                                                               there will be special favor for his servants who are ready!
                                                        39 “Know this: A homeowner who knew exactly when a burglar was coming would not permit
                                                               the house to be broken into.
                                                        40 You must be ready all the time, for the Son of Man will come when least expected".
                        Holy Bible, New Living Translation, (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.) 1996.

 Goodman in the KJV is translated from the Greek.
       [Greek. 3617] oikodespotes (oy-kod-es-pot'-ace)
                          the head of a family:--goodman (of the house), householder, master of the house.
Many other translation’s translates it to master of the house. The true idea is the man responsible for the
 household. Head of Family

Verse 35 Christ is speaking. He is teaching about His second coming.  Are you ready?
               The believer should always be ready for Christ coming. At night, a light (lamp) was left burning so
               people from a far could see their way home or to a city. Your light carries a long way. Look at the stars.
              In war all lights on equipment are disconnected because the enemies could zero in on them. Psalm 119:105
 Are you a believer?
                 What does it mean in The N. T.  to believe? 
Strong’s words 
                  Belief -- [Greek. 4100] pisteuo (pist-yoo'-o) an action verb
                  to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), i.e. credit; by implication,
                  to entrust (especially one's spiritual well-being to Christ):--believe(-r), commit (to trust), 
                   put in trust with.
                  [Greek. 4102] pistis (pis'-tis)
                   persuasion, i.e. credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God
                       or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly,
                       constancy in such profession; by extension, the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself:
                      --assurance, belief, believe, faith, fidelity.
         More simply means adherence to, committal to, faith in, reliance upon, trust in a person or an object.
 It is an act of the heart and will of the subject. “ whosoever believeth in him” could be said this way 
  “whosoever trusts in or commits himself to Christ."  John 6:47
        The heart of man in the bible is man’s whole being. Body, Mind, Soul, and it includes his character.
        Belief and faith are synonymous. In the N. T. includes believing and receiving what God has revealed.
       Webster’s  Dictionary copyright first 1943 last 1962
       Belief== n. assent to anything proposed or declared, and its acceptance as fact, by reason of the 
                      authority whence it proceeds, apart from personal knowledge; faith; the thing believed; 
                      the whole body of tenets held by the professors of any faith; a creed; a conviction.

       Believe== v.t. to place credence in and accept as true, upon the ground of the authority,
                        Testimony, or logical inference apart from personal knowledge; place confidence in;
                         expect or hope;
                         v.i. to have faith; be more or less firmly persuaded of the truth of anything; think or suppose.
        Believer== n. one who accepts as truth something not actually demonstrated.
Verse 36
    If a professor of Christianity is a true believer they will be dressed and waiting for their Lord and Master. 
In the time of Christ the oriental feast of a wedding lasted more than one day. They didn’t have television, Cars 
or any other type of entertainment. Families came from long ways to get together. A marriage was a life changing
even of great importance. The servants are in special favour if they are ready and waiting for the master to return.
     When Velda and I were first married we lived in Memphis TN. We both loved to camp.
The place of Reelfoot Lake in northern Tennessee near the Kentucky border is the area we came to love.
The state of  Tennessee Game and Fish has a state camp site on the lake. I usually work till Six P. M. on
 Friday nights. Every week end in the summer we camped out at Reelfoot Lake. 
      If one didn’t get there on Friday night all of the camp sites would be filled. The car stayed packed all
 week. To save time Velda would have food, clothes, and ECT ready. When we arrived at the camp site
 it would appear locked. We would undo the chain and gate drive through, then close and redo the chain on
the gate. The fact Velda my wife had every thing ready help everyone enjoy the weekend. 
It was also critical in finding an empty spot. We always needed a Electrical Plug For a Fan so we could keep the
Misquote away.

Verse 37. Looks as if the faithful and wise servants are going to be served by their master.
   C. P. Mark 10:45; John 13:4-5,12-16.
                                           Luke 22:27 NIV 
                                               27 For who is greater, the one who is at the table or the one who serves?
                                                    Is it not the one who is at the table? But I am among you as one who serves. 
                               Excerpted from Compton's Interactive Bible NIV
                                     Copyright (c) 1994, 1995, 1996 SoftKey Multimedia Inc. All Rights Reserved
Verse 38                                          Luke 22:38 KJV And if he shall come in the second watch, or come in the third watch,
                                                                                                           and find them so, blessed are those servants

   Second or Third watch. Night was divided into four watches by the Romans (Mark 13:35) and three by the Jews
    (Judge 7:19); These were probably the last two of the Jewish watches. The banquet would have begun in the 
      first watch.
                      Excerpted from Compton's Interactive Bible NIV. Copyright (c) 1994, 1995, 199
                          SoftKey Multimedia Inc. All Rights Reserved
The ready servants will be served by their Master and blessed; there is a rich reward in living a life ready 
and expectant for Jesus to return.

Verse 39 If the head of the household knows when the thief is coming he would be waiting.
                Do you believe Christ is coming back? John 14:1; 1 Thess 5:2; 2 Peter 3:10
Verse 40  Do you Know when the Lord Comes? Mat 24:36; Mat 24:42, 44, 50; Mat 25:13; Rev 3:3
Verse 41 Peter seems always to be a spokesman or he just asked a lot of questions. Remember the Holy Spirit 
                 had not came to indwell the disciples as of yet. Christ said he would send the Comforter.
                 Which would bring all things to remembrance. John 14:26.
                    Peter remembered that Jesus taught in parables so the disciples would understand but the
                Nobelievers ( rejectors ) would not understand. 
                                                    Mat 5:20 NLT
                                                            20 “But I warn you—unless you obey God better than the teachers of religious law and the Pharisees do, 
                                                                   you can’t enter the Kingdom of Heaven at all!
                                              Holy Bible, New Living Translation, (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.) 1996

 The Lord in verse 42 begins to answer and explain verses 35-48 to Peter and the rest of thedisciples.
                          There are people that just want a position, but some poor soul wants the glory.
                      One of the keys is they use themselves as example in a way that glorified themselves.
                      If they are a pastor or teacher, are they truly  taking care of the God's Sheep?
                       Are they acting like the undershepherd? Mat 18:12-13. 
                            If a farmer has milk cows he has to milk his cow early in the morning and again in
                      the evening. This has to be done very regularly. When it is done hit and miss the cows
                      will dry up. Quit giving milk. Must be done at the proper time.
                             The better one does the job they are put in charged of the better for their boss.
Verse 43-44             If it is better for the boss by Jewish law the better it was for the servant. 
Verse 45                  Many a teenager has said I am going to enjoy life before I surrender and give up all
                            of that sin. How much Time Do you have?  Luke 12:20.
                                  When is the correct time for salvation of your soul by God?  2 Cor 6:2
                            A faithful servant would be doing what his master told him to do. The faithful Servant would
                            have believed his master was coming back at any time. He would have been ready.
              I looked unbeliever up in the Webster’s Dictionary 1962 edition. I like the older Versions in Bible Study. 
     The dictionary said that an unbeliever was a Skeptic.
        Skeptic== n. one who doubts the truth of any doctrine or system; one who doubts the existence of God 
                          or revelation; an adherent of philosophical skepticism;
                           adj. doubting; denying revelation. 
Verse  46.   Here this servant was about to be promoted only if he had done what his master had showed him.
                            Only if he had been ready. A believer is being watched by the rest of the world.
                            His actions in the end will tear at his heart and soul.
                            Though this servant will lose all of his rewards. 
                [Bible in Basic English] (1 Corinthians 3:15)
                                                       If the fire puts an end to any man's work, it will be his lost but he will get salvation himself, though as by fire.
  God deals with the believers as his children. When they are disobedient he chastises. The obedient He rewards.
      Mat 16:27; Mat 25:14-23; John 1:12; Heb 12:5-11; 2 John 1:8; Rev 22:12
                              It will look as if he was unfaithful.  He appeared to belong with the unfaithful.
His life was conducted as if the Lord was not coming back. May be he didn’t really believe in the first place.
       James 2:14-26
 Unbeliever, unfaithful--[Grk. 571] apistos (ap'-is-tos)
                                           from 1 (as a negative particle) and 4103; (actively) disbelieving,
                                            i.e. without Christian faith (specially, a heathen);
                                             (passively) untrustworthy (person), or incredible (thing):-
                                              -that believeth not, faithless, incredible thing, infidel, unbeliever(-ing).
Verse 47 There is not any excuse if the servant knew his duty and worse did not do the duty assigned the servant.
                I have a friend in Memphis TN. John had a business that remanufactoried Auto and Truck engines.
                When it came time to retire he turned the business over to one of his son’s. Instead of doing the
                 father’s business his son went out and bought fine cars and ECT.  Almost broke the company. 
                The father had to step in. No doubt this son lost his  chance in life.
                   Almost seven years ago ( today is 2-23-2002) I work with a young man. I did all of the paper work
               and computer work. I ordered parts and ECT. He would always getting jealous. I always offered to
               show him how. I made more money than he did. He doesn’t know till today. His standard answer
               was when they  pay me enough then I will learn it. They still have not paid him enough.
               Your boss has to see that you can be trusted to take care of the job. 
                I later went on to manage an auto parts store.
Verse 48 Many a pastor, deacon, teacher, bus driver, Youth leader and janitor will lose a lot of rewards just
                because they did not do their job. In real life these people probably got in the way of someone
                that is ready and wants to work for the Lord without pay. If that be the case He may shorten your days.
                    Christ is not talking about the lost of God’s Salvation of this man’s soul. Christ is showing the
               important of being about God the Father’s business. 
                Unless you have accept Christ as your Lord and Master you can not be about the Father’s Business.
               First the be a soul winner you have to be saved. You have to have the story of what Christ is doing
                in your life. Do you have Testimony? 

  The Gospel
1 Cor 15:1-11; John 14:6

All God's testing has a purpose, Someday you will see the light.
All he asks is that you trust him, Walk by faith and not by sight.
     - Author Unknown
John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. 

There is God's Way that is truth and there is man's way that is of your father the Devil.
 This is the choice . We are free moral agents (beings) . We have the freewill to choose Heaven or Hell
 (The Lake of Fire that burns forever.)

 (By Faith accept Jesus Christ as your personal Saviour.).

Verses not foot noted came from
Version 3.4
Copyright 1999 Brandon Staggs, PO Box 3217, Lihue, HI 96766
Website: http://swordsearcher.com
Email: bstaggs@swordsearcher.com

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